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Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress

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Type: Historical The exhibition: 12 Location: Brest, Brest region

Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress opened November 8, 1956 and was subject of political management of the Belarusian Military District, was based on a room-museum, which opened earlier, February 23, 1956. The museum was housed in the restored part of the defensive barracks built on the central island of the fortress - the Citadel - in 1842, the castle is listed in the list of historical and cultural heritage of the Republic of Belarus. In commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet decree of May 8, 1965 Brest Fortress awarded the honorary title «Hero-Fortress» and the Order of Lenin and medal «Gold Star». Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian SSR from July 23, 1966 № 295 approved the creative team and instructed her to perform a design for a monument to defenders of the fortress. In 1969, the Museum of the Brest Fortress from the Ministry of Defense of the USSR was transferred to the Ministry of Culture of the Byelorussian SSR. In 1971, it was decided to merge the memorial complex «Brest Fortress» and the Museum of the Brest Fortress in a single set and continue to call it «The memorial complex «Brest Fortress». Since 2001 - GU «memorial complex «Brest Fortress». The museum is housed in three buildings of the demonstration area of 1040 m2 halls and 186.5 m2 - Exhibition, which house three permanent and four temporary / mobile displays. The total number of museum objects is 85412, of which the main fund - 48495, auxiliary science - 36917.

12-14 October 2012 in Grodno, the First National Forum «Museums of Belarus» by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Belarus, Grodno Regional Executive Committee, the sponsors of the project. At this event, the State Institution «The memorial complex «Brest Fortress» was awarded for winning the nomination «The best museum on the organization of cultural and educational activities for youth patriotic education».

Of cultural events held in the museum, it should be noted «Victory Day», which is held every year on May 9 (rally, laying, a minute of silence, in the evening fireworks and concert). "Memorial day", held on June 22 at 4.00 am, followed by a rally-requiem theatrical effect, lowering wreaths into the river Bug. Evening In memory of the defenders' held at the request of and at the individual scenario. On applications for schools and gymnasiums are museum and educational program «The World of Nature Brest Fortress», «Brest Fortress in literature and art», «My Motherland - the Republic of Belarus», «Brest Fortress. Travel back in time». In September and runs october dedication to students, and students. In the museum there is 4 souvenirs shops: 1st - at the museum, 2nd - in the Southeast barracks, third - near the exhibition hall at the Kholmsky Gate, 4th on predvhodnoy area.

The main topic of research is the memorial complex «Brest Fortress in June-July 1941». As a result of the search and research work on the memorial plates were immortalized the names of the defenders who were killed during the fighting in June 1941. Interesting material collected on «Cross-border fighting in the city of Brest», «Warriors of the Brest garrison in 1941, the members of their families - members of the partisan movement in Brest», «The nature of the Brest Fortress», etc. In recent years, greatly expanded the scope of research in the following Theme: «The defense of the fortress of the Polish garrison in September 1939», «The history of construction and improvement of the Brest Fortress», gathered extensive material on «Fortification objects Brest Fortress», conducted a survey of objects on Volyn, Terespolsky, Kobrin ramparts of the fortress. Collected and processed material on the history of the Museum of the late 40-ies of XX century - To this day - a sort of chronicle of events and facts.

Photo - Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress

    Exposure - Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress

    1. ”The pages of the history of the Brest-Litovsk fortress XIX - XX centuries” briefly tells the story of the ancient "Berestye" and the events that took place in Brest-Litovsk fortress.
    2. ”Brest and the Brest Fortress in 1918 - 1941 years” devoted to the history of the fortress and the city in the interwar period (1918-1941).
    3. ”Get up, great country!” the exhibit hall opens pre-war situation in the Brest garrison and the beginning of the Great Patriotic War.
    4. ”The fighting in the city of Brest in the early days of the war. The defense of the fortress. The fighting in the Terespolsky and Volyn fortifications” hall reveals the fighting army in 4 parts of Brest-Baranovichi direction, cross-border fighting north and south of the city of Brest and begins the story of the defense of the fortress. The layout of the fortress in 1941, specific and casual shots, objects from excavations, mannequins in the shape of the rank and file of the Red Army and the Wehrmacht army begin their narrative about the defense of the Brest Fortress, specifically disclosed in the course of defense Terespolsky and Volyn fortifications.
    5. ”The fighting in Kobrin strengthening” evidence of the tragedy families - items found in homes where the family lived, the 45-mm gun, model 1937, photos and everyday objects allow multinational garrison on separate sections of track the progress of defense, as Kobrin building, and the entire fortress.
    6. «The defense of the Citadel» in the first hours of the war assault team of the 45th Infantry Division broke into the German Citadel Terespolsky through the gate and took the club 84 Infantry Regiment. Before the task was to capture the enemy Kholmsk and Brest gate, block out parts of the fortress of the Citadel, but he was met by fierce bayonet counterattacks defenders. Attempts to combine the separate defense teams and the organization of a breakthrough on June 26 in the 120 men were decisive in the battle for the Citadel.
    7. ”The defense of the Citadel. Last pockets of resistance” the logical conclusion of the story about the defense of the Citadel, the last pockets of resistance in the Brest Fortress, the recognition of the values ​​of the enemy fights for her, our pain, bitterness and irreparable losses appear: fragment fused flamethrowers bricks sculpture "Stand death" Alexander Rybkin, the inscription "I am dying, but not I give up! Farewell to Homeland. 20/V11- 41"
    8. ”At key stages of the war. liberation” about the fate of the soldiers of the garrison of Brest - Participants of defense of Leningrad, Kiev, Odessa, Moscow, Stalingrad and Kursk battles told numerous awards, publications in frontline and national newspapers. 47 battle flags and units, awarded the honorary title "Brest", uniforms, weapons, personal items of ordinary and generals reveal the image of the liberator of his native land.
    9. ”Great Victory” A short inscription on the wall of the Reichstag "Brest - Berlin. Lieutenant Sidorov ..." instead of a main contents of the hall, reveals a long and difficult path to victory in the Great Patriotic War.
    10. ”In memory and heart” еxhibits Hall give the opportunity to learn, to feel and understand the tragic events of the forty-first year, and to confirm that their memory lives in the hearts of the post-war generations.
    11. «Chronicle of the Brest Fortress» is intended to tell about the facts, events and lives of people associated with the 180-year history of the Brest Fortress: from construction in the first half of the XIX century to the heroic defense at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War.
    12. «Army Club» the creators of the exposition restored the pre-war atmosphere and the entourage of the club of the 98th separate anti-tank battalion of the artillery battalion.
      At the entrance to the building, guests are greeted by buffet workers who show what the Red Army men, commanders and members of their families used to eat at the club. The Lenin room and the assembly hall with the stage were also recreated.

    Group excursions - Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress

    Prices:

    Date Tour Adults / children
    07:00 11-December (Wednesday) Brest and Brest Fortress
    2'905 / 2'825
    Book
    11:40 11-December (Wednesday) Brest - an ancient and modern city (from Brest)
    1'452 / 1'355
    Book
    08:00 12-December (Thursday) Weekend in Minsk (4 days)
    13'500 / 13'100
    Book
    08:00 13-December (Friday) The nation feat is immortal (3 days)
    11'780 / 11'455
    Book
    06:40 14-December (Saturday) Brest fortress - Belovezhskaya puscha
    3'070 / 2'910
    Book
    08:00 14-December (Saturday) Brest - Belovezhskaja pushcha (2 days)
    6'580 / 6'250
    Book
    08:00 19-December (Thursday) Weekend in Minsk (4 days)
    13'500 / 13'100
    Book
    08:00 20-December (Friday) The nation feat is immortal (3 days)
    11'780 / 11'455
    Book
    06:40 21-December (Saturday) Brest fortress - Belovezhskaya puscha
    3'070 / 2'910
    Book
    07:00 25-December (Wednesday) Brest and Brest Fortress
    2'905 / 2'825
    Book
    11:40 25-December (Wednesday) Brest - an ancient and modern city (from Brest)
    1'452 / 1'355
    Book
    08:00 02-January-2020 (Thursday) Brest - Belovezhskaja pushcha (2 days)
    7'420 / 7'095
    Book
    08:00 02-January-2020 (Thursday) Christmas 2020 in Minsk (6 days)
    21'935 / 21'290
    Book
    12:00 02-January-2020 (Thursday) Brest - Belovezhskaya Pushcha
    5'970 / 5'645
    Book
    15:00 02-January-2020 (Thursday) Brest - an ancient and modern city (from Brest)
    1'290 / 1'130
    Book
    07:00 03-January-2020 (Friday) Brest and Brest Fortress
    2'905 / 2'825
    Book
    11:40 03-January-2020 (Friday) Brest - an ancient and modern city (from Brest)
    1'452 / 1'355
    Book
    08:00 04-January-2020 (Saturday) Brest - Belovezhskaja pushcha (2 days)
    7'420 / 7'095
    Book
    12:00 04-January-2020 (Saturday) Brest - Belovezhskaya Pushcha
    5'970 / 5'645
    Book
    15:00 04-January-2020 (Saturday) Brest - an ancient and modern city (from Brest)
    1'290 / 1'130
    Book
    06:40 11-January-2020 (Saturday) Brest fortress - Belovezhskaya puscha
    3'070 / 2'910
    Book
    07:00 15-January-2020 (Wednesday) Brest and Brest Fortress
    2'905 / 2'825
    Book
    11:40 15-January-2020 (Wednesday) Brest - an ancient and modern city (from Brest)
    1'452 / 1'355
    Book
    08:00 16-January-2020 (Thursday) Weekend in Minsk (4 days)
    13'500 / 13'100
    Book
    08:00 17-January-2020 (Friday) The nation feat is immortal (3 days)
    11'780 / 11'455
    Book
    06:40 18-January-2020 (Saturday) Brest fortress - Belovezhskaya puscha
    3'070 / 2'910
    Book
    08:00 23-January-2020 (Thursday) Weekend in Minsk (4 days)
    13'500 / 13'100
    Book
    08:00 24-January-2020 (Friday) The nation feat is immortal (3 days)
    11'780 / 11'455
    Book
    06:40 25-January-2020 (Saturday) Brest fortress - Belovezhskaya puscha
    3'070 / 2'910
    Book
    07:00 29-January-2020 (Wednesday) Brest and Brest Fortress
    2'905 / 2'825
    Book

    Individual and corporate excursions - Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress

    Schedule Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress

    Location map - Museum of the defense of the Brest fortress

    Address 224018, Republic of Belarus, Brest, Brest fortress GPS Google: 52.082149′ N, 52.082149′ E